Water supply systems usually need high pressures so as to pump water to longer distances. Similarly, cyclical water systems where water moves in a loop experience instances where the pressure in the system falls below a certain minimum value. In such a scenario, it will be necessary to install a supplementary mechanism called the booster pump system. Listed here are the various scenarios that need incorporation of booster pumping mechanisms.
Pumping Water over Long Distances
A working system of water supply makes use of pipes, valves and gates to direct water to a given location. The pipes along which the water flows contain friction which tends to act in opposing the water flow. The longer a pipe network is, the greater the opposition to flow. This means that the pressure of the water in the system becomes considerably reduces after traveling a certain distance. It is, therefore, necessary to have the pressure boosted to deliver the water to the required destinations. For overcoming the challenge of long distances, the system is equipped with booster pumps at certain regular intervals.
Deep Well Water Extraction
Sometimes it is necessary to pump water from wells that are very deep. Wells that are sunk in arid and semi-arid areas are usually of this nature. Due to the greater depth, a high amount of force is necessary to extract the water from the well against gravity. As such, the system must be equipped with the appropriate booster pumps since a single pump may not be adequate in carrying out the task.
Systems That Have Fluctuating Demands
Municipal water supply systems have to deal with varying demands for water from their clients. This is occasioned by the varied Water consumption rates for different people during the day. Fluctuation of the demand for water into peak and off-peak conditions result from this varied consumption. It wouldn’t be cost-effective for the water suppliers to install water pumps for peak supply. The best approach to ensure optimum operation would be to install a system that can comfortably handle off-peak supply, then have a system of booster pumps to take care of the peak hours. This ensures that the systems appropriately handles the varying loads based on the demand.
Waste Management and Sewerage Systems
Sewage waste encountered by city waste management systems normally has thickness levels that change with time. The amount of pressure necessary to drive the waste through the pipes changes with the viscosity of the waste, with the more viscous waste needing higher pressure and vice versa. To take care of the highly viscous flow, a booster pump will have to be installed to supplement the normal system.